Hummingbird is a library for compiling trained traditional ML models into tensor computations. Hummingbird allows users to seamlessly leverage neural network frameworks (such as PyTorch) to accelerate traditional ML models. Thanks to Hummingbird, users can benefit from: (1) all the current and future optimizations implemented in neural network frameworks; (2) native hardware acceleration; (3) having a unique platform to support for both traditional and neural network models; and have all of this (4) without having to re-engineer their models.
Currently, you can use Hummingbird to convert your trained traditional ML models into PyTorch. Hummingbird supports a variety of tree-based classifiers and regressors. These models include scikit-learn Decision Trees and Random Forest, and also LightGBM and XGBoost Classifiers/Regressors. Support for other neural network backends (e.g., ONNX, TVM) and models is on our roadmap.
Hummingbird was tested on Python >= 3.5 on Linux, Windows and MacOS machines. It is recommended to use a virtual environment (See: python3 venv doc or Using Python environments in VS Code.)
pip install hummingbird-ml
See also Troubleshooting for common problems.
See the notebooks section for examples that demonstrate use and speedups.
In general, Hummingbird syntax is very intuitive and minimal. To
run your traditional ML model on DNN frameworks, you only need to
import hummingbird.ml and add
to('dnn_framework') to your code. Below is an example
using a scikit-learn random forest model and PyTorch as target
import numpy as np from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier from hummingbird.ml import convert # Create some random data for binary classification num_classes = 2 X = np.array(np.random.rand(100000, 28), dtype=np.float32) y = np.random.randint(num_classes, size=100000) # Create and train a model (scikit-learn RandomForestClassifier in this case) skl_model = RandomForestClassifier(n_estimators=10, max_depth=10) skl_model.fit(X, y) # Use Hummingbird to convert the model to PyTorch model = convert(skl_model, 'pytorch') # Run predictions on CPU model.predict(X) # Run predictions on GPU model.to('cuda') model.predict(X)
The API documentation is here.
You can also read about Hummingbird in our blog post here.
For more details on the vision and on the technical details related to Hummingbird, please check our papers:
- Taming Model Serving Complexity, Performance and Cost: A Compilation to Tensor Computations Approach. Supun Nakandalam, Karla Saur, Gyeong-In Yu, Konstantinos Karanasos, Carlo Curino, Markus Weimer, Matteo Interlandi. Technical Report
- Compiling Classical ML Pipelines into Tensor Computations for One-size-fits-all Prediction Serving. Supun Nakandala, Gyeong-In Yu, Markus Weimer, Matteo Interlandi. System for ML Workshop. NeurIPS 2019
We welcome contributions! Please see the guide on Contributing.
Also, see our roadmap of planned features.
Join our community!
For more formal enquiries, you can contact us.
- Supun Nakandala
- Matteo Interlandi
- Karla Saur